A traumatic accident to the foot and ankle can vary from a broken bone, to a simple soft tissue laceration. Bones can be have fractured, avulsed, or dislocated. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments can be strained, sprained, or ruptured. Nerves can be stretched, or lacerated. Blood vessels can be lacerated or produce a bruise from a contusion. Skin can form an abrasion, laceration, or blisters. One of the most common foot and ankle traumatic injury is a sprained ankle. If you have a traumatic event see your podiatrist immediately, or call 911.
Podiatric Care depends on the injury. In general “RICE” should be used in an emergency R=Rest, I=Ice, C=Compression, E=Elevation. Keep off the foot or leg as much as possible. Ice will constrict the vessels and will be anti-inflammatory (decrease swelling). Compression will help control bleeding and also be an anti-inflammatory. Elevation is best above heart level to control bleeding and swelling. Long standing swelling can produce a compartment syndrome. Most importantly, do not delay medical attention.