A contusion is considered a direct blow or blunt injury that does not interrupt the skin. Typically there is a bruise at the site of contusion from injury to the blood vessels.
Symptoms of a contusion typically following a traumatic event where the area becomes swollen and painful with pressure. Ecchymosis (bruising) may be seen also in the area.
Diagnosis of a contusion is made by clinical suspicion and history. Typically x-rays are utilized to rule out an acute fracture at the site of the contusion, since the symptoms are mostly identical.
Podiatric Care may include doing nothing if it’s a simple injury, or using anti-inflammatory oral medications, compressive dressing, and ice to control swelling and pain. If the injury is more severe it may be advised to be completely non-weight bearing on the extremity using crutches for a period of time.